By James Zupan

Well, as we learned during our early firearms training and from the first days we handled guns... "Alcohol and guns don't mix!" But, in the 1870s and '80s, two companies in upstate New York that made guns and wine did mix... and it wasn't about drinking and shooting.

The Finger Lakes area is a rich agricultural area that combined fecund soil, plentiful water and abundant sunlight. It contin- ues to be a very productive area for the production of fruit, vegetables, and livestock. The area was originally opened up by the coming of the Erie Canal, which was completed in 1825. This allowed the relatively inexpensive shipment of agricultural and manufactured products throughout the markets in the eastern cites and states. Immigrants from Europe that moved into the area brought the skills needed to produce wine, and the Finger Lakes area is still known for is varietals grape products... and this is where the connection begins.

The Pleasant Valley Wine Company was founded in 1860, which made it the first winery in the Finger Lakes area and it is still in business. Charles Davenport Champlain and twelve local businessmen, with $10,000 in capitalization - a princely sum on the eve of the Civil War - began the concern. The firm was located two miles south of Hammondsport, New York. This is the town that is listed on some the correspondence mentioned in this article. Their products consisted of red and white wines as well as a "sparking or champagne wine" according to one of the enclosed letters. The Pleasant Valley Wine Company currently produces red, white, blush and sparkling wines, according to their website, which states:

In March 1871, Mr. Champlain sent a case of champagne to his close friend, Marshall P. Wilder, who was a well-known wine connoisseur in Boston. After introducing it at a dinner party at the Parker House, Wilder declared it to be "the Great Champagne of the Western World." The champagne was thus dubbed "Great Western".

A plaque on the building proudly lists the early owners and investors. One is D. Bauder, Esquire. Somewhere at the beginning of the company he functioned as their attorney. He was a resident of the city of Rheims and began a correspondence and exchange of goods with E. Remington and Sons, which sheds some light on the connection between the two companies. It also gives us a chance to the how Remington supported a shooter and his company. The proximity to Ilion meant that visits were probably frequent.

Page 24 2nd Quarter 2008

The earliest letter we have is dated 1878, and is not to the gun company, but is a receipt from the Remington Agricultural Company for the purchase of plow prod- ucts. A later one from that same concern was a request for a bottle of brandy. There very well may be earlier correspondence that began with guns and shooting, or issues or problems of viticulture, which could have been the origin of the connec- tion. But until such correspon- dence emerges, we need to deal with what we have.
The Remington Agricultural Works

Favors were part of this correspondence as Mr. Bauder was an active shooter and this is the second element of the correspondence. Over a number of years the Remington Armory offered him advice on Creedmoor shooting and the reloading of centerfire cartridges. Remington also sold the winery Hazard Duck Powder, Remington bullets, and primers.

The letter to D. Bauder on August 7, 1882 (see below) shows his interest in long range shooting at 600 to 1,000 yards. The writer of the letter, Mr. R. R. Bennet was a known shooter and shows up on score cards during that period. New York State had produced a long history of gunsmiths, shooters, and matches. He is advised on the difference between cartridges used at the 600 yard mid-range matches and the 1,000 yard Creedmoor long-range matches that were well attended in 1882. The reloading techniques are interesting as they show the advancement in ballistics from the earlier 90 grain fixed ammuni- tion that was initially used in the 1874 period. The Remington Agricultural Works

Page 25 2nd Quarter 2008

Interestingly enough, the letter is typed not hand written. Remington was using the "type writers" that they were making and selling in their own business correspondence. Other gun companies still relied on the penmanship skills of their staff and officers. As example, Eliphalet Remington III, Secretary of E. Remington & Sons in the 1860s, '70s and '80s, had a distinctive, flowing and beautiful penmanship on company corre- spondence.

Mr. Bauder and his company was considered important enough to have one of Remington's most important gunsmiths, L. N. Walker address him in 1886. The first letter we have is extremely hard to read. Another letter, dated December 8, 1886, simply stated:

Page 26 2nd Quarter 2008

The Creedmoor Shooting Range on Long Island, New York - circa 1876
Remington No. 1 "Schuetzen" Short-Range Target Rifle
Serial number 8200
(David Squier Collection)

What the favor was and how it related to the hard-to-read December 1st letter is not known. Walker, later known for his important work on the Remington-Hepburn Walker Schuetzen rifle helped him with repairs and shooting matters. There obvi- ously was a good relationship there and Remington was close to their shooters at this time.

The other part of the relationship concerned the winery's need for agricultural implements. One invoice shows the pur- chases of one "N 14 C. Sole at 50" and two "N 14 C. homits at 45¢ eac" The description and use of these products eludes this writer. Maybe a reader will know what this is and their use, but the Remington Agricultural Company letterhead shows that they made more than metal plows. There is some correspondence that Bauder had with other wine and liquor companies that indicate their connection with others in that industry. Alcohol is an old product in America and its production dates from the earliest settlers.

Page 27 2nd Quarter 2008

.40-70 Remington Centerfire
manufactured by E. Remington & Sons
(Lou Behling collection)

Remington "Special" centerfire ammunition
manufactured by E. Remington & Sons
(Lou Behling collection)

.44-550 Remington paper-patched bullets
manufactured by E. Remington & Sons
(Lou Behling collection)

.44-90 Remington "Special" centerfire ammunition
manufactured by E. Remington & Sons
(Lou Behling collection)

.44-550 Remington
paper-patched bullets
manufactured by E.
Remington & Sons
(Lou Behling collection)

Page 28 2nd Quarter 2008

Page 29 2nd Quarter 2008

Various primers manufactured by E. Remington & Sons
(Lou Behling collection)

Page 30 2nd Quarter 2008

The correspondence reveals an interesting connection between two parts of the E. Remington & Sons company and the shooter and agriculturist. As other letters surface then we can add more information to this interesting relation- ship. These letterheads are also a fascinating display of the various engraving styles used at that time... and for a time in the 1870s and '80s, guns and alcohol did mix.

Page 31 2nd Quarter 2008

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